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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 742403.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
Action-based dynamical modeling for the Milky Way disk: The Influence of spiral arms
Authors:Trick, W. H.; Bovy, J.; D’Onghia, E.; Rix, H.-W.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2017
Title of Journal:The Astrophysical Journal
Issue / Number:1
Start Page:id. 61 (22 pp)
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:RoadMapping is a dynamical modeling machinery developed to constrain the Milky Way’s (MW) gravitational potential by simultaneously fitting an axisymmetric parametrized potential and an action-based orbit distribution function (DF) to discrete 6D phase-space measurements of stars in the Galactic disk. In this work, we demonstrate RoadMapping's robustness in the presence of spiral arms by modeling data drawn from an N-body simulation snapshot of a disk-dominated galaxy of MW mass with strong spiral arms (but no bar), exploring survey volumes with radii 500 {pc}≤slant {r}\max ≤slant 5 {kpc}. The potential constraints are very robust, even though we use a simple action-based DF, the quasi-isothermal DF. The best-fit RoadMapping model always recovers the correct gravitational forces where most of the stars that entered the analysis are located, even for small volumes. For data from large survey volumes, RoadMapping finds axisymmetric models that average well over the spiral arms. Unsurprisingly, the models are slightly biased by the excess of stars in the spiral arms. Gravitational potential models derived from survey volumes with at least {r}\max =3 {kpc} can be reliably extrapolated to larger volumes. However, a large radial survey extent, {r}\max ∼ 5 {kpc}, is needed to correctly recover the halo scale length. In general, the recovery and extrapolability of potentials inferred from data sets that were drawn from inter-arm regions appear to be better than those of data sets drawn from spiral arms. Our analysis implies that building axisymmetric models for the Galaxy with upcoming Gaia data will lead to sensible and robust approximations of the MW’s potential.
Free Keywords:galaxies: spiral; Galaxy: disk; Galaxy: fundamental parameters; Galaxy: kinematics and dynamics; Galaxy: structure
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:ISSN:0004-637X %R 10.3847/1538-4357/aa67db
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