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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 742499.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
New constraints on the disk characteristics and companion candidates around T Chamaeleontis with VLT/SPHERE
Authors:Pohl, A.; Sissa, E.; Langlois, M.; Müller, A.; Ginski, C.; van Holstein, R. G.; Vigan, A.; Mesa, D.; Maire, A. -. L.; Henning, T.; Gratton, R.; Olofsson, J.; van Boekel, R.; Benisty, M.; Biller, B.; Boccaletti, A.; Chauvin, G.; Daemgen, S.; de Boer, J.; Desidera, S.; Dominik, C.; Garufi, A.; Janson, M.; Kral, Q.; Ménard, F.; Pinte, C.; Stolker, T.; Szulágyi, J.; Zurlo, A.; Bonnefoy, M.; Cheetham, A.; Cudel, M.; Feldt, M.; Kasper, M.; Lagrange, A. -. M.; Perrot, C.; Wildi, F.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2017
Title of Journal:Astronomy and Astrophysics
Start Page:id. A34 (16 pp)
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:Context. The transition disk around the T Tauri star T Cha possesses a large gap, making it a prime target for high-resolution imaging in the context of planet formation. <BR /> Aims: We aim to find signs of disk evolutionary processes by studying the disk geometry and the dust grain properties at its surface, and to search for companion candidates. <BR /> Methods: We analyze a set of VLT/SPHERE data at near-infrared and optical wavelengths. We performed polarimetric imaging of T Cha with IRDIS (1.6 μm) and ZIMPOL (0.5-0.9 μm), and obtained intensity images from IRDIS dual-band imaging with simultaneous spectro-imaging with IFS (0.9-1.3 μm). <BR /> Results: The disk around T Cha is detected in all observing modes and its outer disk is resolved in scattered light with unprecedented angular resolution and signal-to-noise. The images reveal a highly inclined disk with a noticeable east-west brightness asymmetry. The significant amount of non-azimuthal polarization signal in the Uφ images, with a Uφ/Qφ peak-to-peak value of 14%, is in accordance with theoretical studies on multiple scattering in an inclined disk. Our optimal axisymmetric radiative transfer model considers two coplanar inner and outer disks, separated by a gap of 0.̋28 ( 30 au) in size, which is larger than previously thought. We derive a disk inclination of 69 deg and PA of 114 deg. In order to self-consistently reproduce the intensity and polarimetric images, the dust grains, responsible for the scattered light, need to be dominated by sizes of around ten microns. A point source is detected at an angular distance of 3.5'' from the central star. It is, however, found not to be co-moving. <BR /> Conclusions: We confirm that the dominant source of emission is forward scattered light from the near edge of the outer disk. Our point source analysis rules out the presence of a companion with mass larger than 8.5 Mjup between 0.̋1 and 0.̋3. The detection limit decreases to 2 Mjup for 0.̋3 to 4.0''. Based on observations made with European Southern Observatory (ESO) telescopes at the Paranal Observatory in Chile, under program IDs 095.C-0298(B), 096.C-0248(B) and 096.C-0248(C).
Free Keywords:stars: individual: T Cha; protoplanetary disks; techniques: polarimetric; radiative transfer; scattering; circumstellar matter
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:ISSN:0004-6361 %R 10.1051/0004-6361/201630234
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