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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 742553.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
ALMA observations of the physical and chemical conditions in Centaurus A
Authors:McCoy, M.; Ott, J.; Meier, D. S.; Muller, S.; Espada, D.; Martín, S.; Israel, F. P.; Henkel, C.; Impellizzeri, V.; Aalto, S.; Edwards, P. G.; Brunthaler, A.; Neumayer, N.; Peck, A. B.; van der Werf, P.; Feain, I.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2017
Title of Journal:The Astrophysical Journal
Issue / Number:2
Start Page:id. 76 ( 24 pp)
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:Centaurus A, with its gas-rich elliptical host galaxy, NGC 5128, is the nearest radio galaxy at a distance of 3.8 Mpc. Its proximity allows us to study the interaction among an active galactic nucleus, radio jets, and molecular gas in great detail. We present ALMA observations of low-J transitions of three CO isotopologues, HCN, HCO+, HNC, CN, and CCH toward the inner projected 500 pc of NGC 5128. Our observations resolve physical sizes down to 40 pc. By observing multiple chemical probes, we determine the physical and chemical conditions of the nuclear interstellar medium of NGC 5128. This region contains molecular arms associated with the dust lanes and a circumnuclear disk (CND) interior to the molecular arms. The CND is approximately 400 pc by 200 pc and appears to be chemically distinct from the molecular arms. It is dominated by dense gas tracers while the molecular arms are dominated by 12CO and its rare isotopologues. The CND has a higher temperature, elevated CN/HCN and HCN/HNC intensity ratios, and much weaker 13CO and C18O emission than the molecular arms. This suggests an influence from the AGN on the CND molecular gas. There is also absorption against the AGN with a low velocity complex near the systemic velocity and a high velocity complex shifted by about 60 km s‑1. We find similar chemical properties between the CND in emission and both the low and high velocity absorption complexes, implying that both likely originate from the CND. If the HV complex does originate in the CND, then that gas would correspond to gas falling toward the supermassive black hole.
Free Keywords:astrochemistry; galaxies: active; galaxies: elliptical and lenticular; cD; galaxies: individual: NGC 5128; Centaurus A; galaxies: ISM; galaxies: structure
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
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