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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 742655.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
On the disappearance of a cold molecular torus around the low-luminosity active galactic nucleus of NGC 1097
Authors:Izumi, T.; Kohno, K.; Fathi, K.; Hatziminaoglou, E.; Davies, R. I.; Martín, S.; Matsushita, S.; Schinnerer, E.; Espada, D.; Aalto, S.; Onishi, K.; Turner, J. L.; Imanishi, M.; Nakanishi, K.; Meier, D. S.; Wada, K.; Kawakatu, N.; Nakajima, T.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2017
Title of Journal:The Astrophysical Journal Letters
Issue / Number:2
Start Page:id. L5 (7 pp)
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:We used the Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array to map the CO(3–2) and the underlying continuum emissions around the type-1 low-luminosity active galactic nucleus (LLAGN; bolometric luminosity ≲ {10}42 erg s‑1) of NGC 1097 at ∼10 pc resolution. These observations revealed a detailed cold gas distribution within a ∼100 pc of this LLAGN. In contrast to the luminous Seyfert galaxy NGC 1068, where a ∼7 pc cold molecular torus was recently revealed, a distinctively dense and compact torus is missing in our CO(3–2) integrated intensity map of NGC 1097. Based on the CO(3–2) flux, the gas mass of the torus of NGC 1097 would be a factor of ≳2–3 less than that found for NGC 1068 by using the same CO-to-H2 conversion factor, which implies less active nuclear star formation and/or inflows in NGC 1097. Our dynamical modeling of the CO(3–2) velocity field implies that the cold molecular gas is concentrated in a thin layer as compared to the hot gas traced by the 2.12 μm H2 emission in and around the torus. Furthermore, we suggest that NGC 1097 hosts a geometrically thinner torus than NGC 1068. Although the physical origin of the torus thickness remains unclear, our observations support a theoretical prediction that geometrically thick tori with high opacity will become deficient as AGNs evolve from luminous Seyferts to LLAGNs.
Free Keywords:galaxies: active; galaxies: individual: NGC 1097; galaxies: ISM; galaxies: Seyfert
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
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