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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 742829.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
The Extended Northern ROSAT Galaxy Cluster Survey (NORAS II). I. Survey construction and first results
Authors:Böhringer, H.; Chon, G.; Retzlaff, J.; Trümper, J.; Meisenheimer, K.; Schartel, N.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2017
Title of Journal:The Astronomical Journal
Issue / Number:5
Start Page:id. 220 (11 pp)
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:As the largest, clearly defined building blocks of our universe, galaxy clusters are interesting astrophysical laboratories and important probes for cosmology. X-ray surveys for galaxy clusters provide one of the best ways to characterize the population of galaxy clusters. We provide a description of the construction of the NORAS II galaxy cluster survey based on X-ray data from the northern part of the ROSAT All-Sky Survey. NORAS II extends the NORAS survey down to a flux limit of 1.8 × 10‑12 erg s‑1 cm‑2 (0.1–2.4 keV), increasing the sample size by about a factor of two. The NORAS II cluster survey now reaches the same quality and depth as its counterpart, the southern REFLEX II survey, allowing us to combine the two complementary surveys. The paper provides information on the determination of the cluster X-ray parameters, the identification process of the X-ray sources, the statistics of the survey, and the construction of the survey selection function, which we provide in numerical format. Currently NORAS II contains 860 clusters with a median redshift of z = 0.102. We provide a number of statistical functions, including the log N–log S and the X-ray luminosity function and compare these to the results from the complementary REFLEX II survey. Using the NORAS II sample to constrain the cosmological parameters, σ 8 and Ω m , yields results perfectly consistent with those of REFLEX II. Overall, the results show that the two hemisphere samples, NORAS II and REFLEX II, can be combined without problems into an all-sky sample, just excluding the zone of avoidance.
Free Keywords:cosmology: observations; galaxies: clusters: general; surveys; X-rays: galaxies: clusters
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:ISSN:0004-6256 %R 10.3847/1538-3881/aa67ed
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