The MPS will provide the necessary funds and investment in the realms of possibility for open access in its
own organization. It will encourage the development of an action plan/roadmap for the realization of the principles of the
Berlin Declaration also
on a national and European level.
To realize open access to scientific results the MPS will pursue two roads:
Road 1 - Publication in Open Access Journals
Road 2 - Institutional Self-Archiving on the eDoc Server
Road 1: Open Access Journals
The MPS will encourage its scientists to publish in open access journals and is supporting the idea of
rather paying a processing charge at the beginning of the publication process if then the research is freely accessible
worldwide. This way, instead of paying for high-priced subscription based journals which only offer limited access because
of a restricted number of subscribers, visibility and impact will be maximized.
For more on open access and impact see: Open Access and research impact
A rising number of journals is following the open access principles, most notably the
Public Library of Science and BioMedCentral; Scholars who wish to publish
their research following the open access principles should check whether there is a journal available for their subject (see
Directory of Open Access Journals)
As a first major commitment the MPS has signed an institutional membership at
BioMedCentral which levies the individual processing charge
and allows the Max Planck researchers to publish an unlimited number of articles in one of the 80+ online journals.
All MPS researchers working in the life sciences and medical field are encouraged to take advantage of this
opportunity. More information on the institutional membership
Road 2: Institutional self-archiving of research output on the eDoc server
The MPS strongly encourages institutional or discipline-specific self-archiving of research publications - meaning
uploading (desirably) the peer-reviewed version of the manuscript on a publicly accessible server, such as eDoc (institutional)
or arXiv.org (specific for physics and partly computer science and mathematics).
Currently, about half of the journal publishers are allowing to self-archive either a preprint
(article or version of a document before it is refereed and published in a renowned journal) or
postprint version (article or version of a document after review and publication in a renowned journal)
of an article or both. (This number
is based on the RoMEO Study).
Up to date information on publishers' policies is available via the website of SHERPA
Publisher copyright policies & self-archiving. MPS institutes and researchers are encouraged to disseminate
their pre- or postprint papers via eDoc and are
asked to indicate the external publication status (submitted, in press / accepted, published, unpublished) of the
Self-Archiving of research papers is probably the faster of the two roads towards open access,
but has to be complemented by
a quality control system which is currently undertaken by journals which guarantee peer-review and editorial quality
control. Self-Archiving makes research publicly available allowing other people to read it without
access barriers and so maximizing the impact of the work. Although, the eDoc-Server also provides a quality control
mechanism on the institute level, self-archiving should not misconceived as self-publishing, as
self-archiving is merely about making research output online available, which has undergone (or will undergo)
a quality control process elsewhere. Nevertheless, all the research output disseminated on eDoc has undergone a
quality review process in the Institutes of the Max Planck Society as defined in the collection policy.
Further information about Open Access and the MPS can be found in the talk of G. Botz
"The Open Access Agenda of the Max Planck Society" given at the "International Conference on Strategies and Policies
on Open Access to Scientific Information" in Beijing, 22-24 June 2005 (
Whether self-archiving of any version of a document is allowed is subject to the contract of the individual
author with the publisher. Please check the Copyright Issues for further details.
If you are worrying about certain aspects of self-archiving you might want to check the
Self-Archiving FAQ for the Budapest Open Access
Read more about Open Access
Read more about Open Access and research impact
Last changed: 13 December 2005